The House Judiciary Committee has approved a bill that would expand the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court, allowing it to review petitions filed by military service members challenging courts-martial decisions. Under current law, a service member is barred from petitioning the high court if the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces (CAAF) has refused to review his or her court-martial appeal or has denied a writ for extraordinary relief. The only exception is when someone is sentenced to death. In contrast, the government has the right to petition the justices in any case referred to the CAAF. Committee members, by voice vote last week, sent the full House the Equal Justice for Our Military Act of 2009, sponsored by Rep. Susan Davis (D-Calif.). The bill is supported by the American Bar Association, the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, the District of Columbia Bar Association, the Fleet Reserve Association, the Jewish War Veterans Association, the Military Officers Association of America, and the National Institute for Military Justice.